The Negative Effects of Deforestation on the Enviornment

Introduction
Deforestation Is not a good idea because the risk of losing the forest, outweighs the benefits of land clearing overall. Deforestation has many consequences that will affect the environment if it is not stopped. Land clearing is a major cause of species loss, climate change, and overall health of
deforestation-amazon-graph.jpgforests throughout the world. Deforestation Is not healthy because the risk of losing the forest, outweighs the benefits of land clearing overall. There are many more negative outcomes, than positive outcomes from deforestation.







Below is a chart of the positive and negative outcomes of land clearing:
Positives for deforestation (PROS)
Negatives of deforestation (CONS)
  • Provides lumber
  • Provides land for cattle
  • Cattle produces leather, food, accessories
  • Land for farming
  • Provides medicines
  • Provides a way to make money for poor farmers
  • Increased speed of global warming
  • Forest health damaged
  • Species loss
  • Increased insect attacks
  • Leaving millions poor and homeless
  • Forests destroyed and burnt down
  • Takes away productive habitats





Species Loss
One of the major problems from deforestation is the loss of millions of species. About one third of the population of organisms will disappear if deforestation continues, and the Amazon Rainforest also holds about one third of the animal population throughout the world. All of those organisms play an important
toucan.jpg
Toucan that live is the Amazon Rainforest
role in the forest health, that the forest cannot live without. The animals do a variety of things which include pollination, reproducing, and the balancing out of species and growth, and protection. Cutting down the forest also destroys shelter, food, and breeding areas from the animals that are still there, which can stop the ongoing growth of animals. This problem will cause the animals to be crowded out and left homeless. Other environments offer homes to animals, but only the forest shelters are the most productive habitats. If this happens, the amount of insect attacks will increase in the next couple years due to lack of shelter. Animals are very important to forests around the world and it would be horrible for them to keep disappearing.


Climate Change
Another problem in the world today is climate change. You might not know this, but deforestation plays a crucial role in that topic. Deforestation is also causing changes to precipitation. In the past 200 years, the average temperature has risen .8 degrees because of climate change. Deforestation also causes the increased speed of global warming. Forests have suffered extreme temperature swings because the loss of shade from all the trees that are being cut down. Lately, sea levels have been rising three millimeters per year from melting ice.
climate change.jpg
Ice melting in the Arctic.
Greenland’s ice is losing 250 kilometers of water every year. Also, as the arctic world keeps melting away, their diversity of animals are in danger of extinction too. Climate change can affect people’s lives a lot more than you think. Over a three degree change could impact water supplies and leave millions of people homeless because of land that is inhabitable. The amazon rainforest is one of the major rainforests that is being cut down. This particular forest produces twenty percent of the world’s oxygen, and is being destroyed every day. Tropical rainforests lose an estimated 93,000 square miles each year from deforestation. All of that is less oxygen being produced.


Unhealthy Forests
Today, many forests being cut down are now unhealthy. All of the gases and carbon from the trees are released into the air, and other trees absorb them. The soil where the trees were is drying out, so the soil becomes useless and not healthy for the forest. If the forest has already been cut down, most likely the quality of the land is now very poor, so you are unable to regrow the lost trees. Some of the forests are even become so dry, that they are becoming deserts. That causes organisms to become thirsty and not have a habitat, or shelter. This causes the organisms to die off and become extinct. This can
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This is a forest that has been burned down
affect the health of the forest because of the ways the organisms benefit the forest, and keep it healthy. Some poor farmer’s burn small parts of the forest down repeated times to make more money to live off of. This is a very common process that is called slash and burn. Farmers do this because they are in need of money, or open land for farming. Some forests are replaced with heat absorbing pavements or buildings, which can also cause global warming to increase. Obviously, the effects of deforestation are not positive for and forest.


The Future
The future could be very positive, if we try to stop land clearing. There are many simple things that anyone can do, that can help out a lot. In general people can eat less beef, so we don’t need as much land for cattle ranching. Also, during Christmas time, there should be more live trees grown in farms and cut down, other than pre-cut trees from forests. This way, people stop cutting trees down from real forests, and cut down from farms where trees are grown to be cut down. If deforestation is stopped, the environment would be much healthier, and the world would have less climate problems. Environmentalists’ hope to reach their goal of no forests being cut down by 2016.
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deforestation in Borneo
I predict that if deforestation is put to a stop, there would be many more healthy forests that can produce a lot of oxygen. Also, many animals would have food and shelter, as well as a breeding area so their species will grow, and not become extinct. Although many people are already addressing this issue, they are not enough. Everyone worldwide should recognize the risks of deforestation, which could stop this problem from spreading.




Conclusion: My Opinion
Overall, deforestation has some positive outcomes which include the producing of medicines, land for farming and cattle ranching, space and money for housing, and out of the cattle we get purses, shoes, and meat. All of these positives do not outweigh the endless list of negatives from cutting down forests. I personally think that deforestation is very bad for the environment, and all of the people affected.
forest.jpg
healthy forest
From my week of research, I learned everything that we lose, as well as what we gain. I have also learned many statistics about what the forest does, and how much is lost every year. I know that in 2003, 20% of the Amazon Rainforest has been cut down, and more and more is being cut down every day. These facts are very sad, and this world of people should do everything that they can to help, so we can make out forests grow and become healthy again. This goal could become possible if we all try our hardest, to put an end to deforestation.























Works Cited

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